International Bird Strike Management Documents


Review: Aircraft flight safety and birds strikes management in Aminu Kano International Airport, Nigeria: Dukyia J.J. & Ahmad A.

Advancement in Scientific Engineering Research: Clayton Faidley

Loomacres Wildlife Management 1-800-243-1462

This paper from Nigeria, looks at a large international airport and the bird strikes that have occurred there from 2001 to 2010. This paper was written by Dukiya and Ahmad and published in June, 2014. Nigeria does not have a centralized database like the one the FAA has that can be easily accessed. All strikes reported for this study were done by questionnaire and field observations. A “wildlife hazard assessment” was done at the airport where they observed the locations and attractants for wildlife on and near the airport. The authors of the paper stuck close to recommendations by the FAA, International Bird Strike Committee, local and state level safety committees. Dukiya and Ahmad also formed their own hazard ranking level for birds found near and around the airport. 

Dukiya and Ahmad used this paper as a means to justify or recommend steps for wildlife, specifically birds, management at Aminu Kano. Through their research they were able to determine the time and money spent on fixing issues that have been caused by strikes. In Nigeria alone, the largest aircraft operator spent $8.8 million US in 2008 to fix aircraft as a result of birds strikes. It was reported to the authors that over 40 percent of all incidents at Nigerian airports were caused by bird strikes.


In the conclusions, the authors mention the need for reporting of bird strikes. Nigeria is obligated to follow the Convention on International Civil Aviation (ICAO) and the authors stress that airports should follow the Convention by recording all strikes that occur at the airport. Other recommendations to help reduce wildlife strikes and abundance were the implementation of bird radar, using noisier hybrid aircraft to reduce strikes, collect and reduce trash to reduce the savaging bird populations, and discourage and move grain and fruit farming near the airport. The bird radar was mentioned in the abstract and seems to be the first recommendation to control wildlife at the international airports in Nigeria. Farming practices were the second recommendation for control.


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Summary of Airport International Council (ACI) Wildlife Hazard Management Handbook Second Edition 2013

ISBN 978-0-9919875-0-4


Wildlife hazards have become an important issue at airports around the world. More than 150,000 strikes have occurred in the US alone (from 1990 until 2015) with over $480 million in damages.

The goal of wildlife management at airports is to reduce populations at or dissuade wildlife from coming to an airport. Efforts should be put forth to focus on critical areas such as the approach and landing zones of runways. To manipulate wildlife in a way to produce favorable outcomes, staff need to understand wildlife behaviors and needs. Knowing what basic requirements they need is essential to reducing numbers at airports. Food, water, shelter, and safety are key to survival and should be the focus of anyone involved in wildlife management.



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